Creating Auditory Associations Through the Use of Preferred Music to Increase Independence in an Activity of Daily Living for a Person with Dementia



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The purpose of this single-case research design was to investigate a means to increase independence in an activity of daily living for a person with dementia by means of a six-week program conducted by the researcher utilizing music paired to picture, video, and conversational stimuli. Independence was measured in five domains including task location, task initiation, required tools, general task performance, and post-performance activities. An increase in overall independence was observed when analyzing results of the six-week study. A direct association between the preferred music and the target task was never explicitly created; however, the evidence suggests that the use of the preferred music did increase the PwD’s independence in the target ADL.



dementia, auditory association, music, activity of daily living, independence


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